Wednesday, 23 May, 2018

There are 63 million girls 'missing' in India right now

India's preference for boys has produced 21 million “unwanted girls” Sex ratio praiseworthy, but state fervently prays for a son rise
Guillermo Lane | 01 February, 2018, 00:46

The Economic Survey 2017-18, in its first ever estimate of number of "unwanted girls", has said that India could have as many as 21 million 'unwanted girls.' i.e., girls whose parents instead wanted to have sons.

"A son "meta" preference ... may be detrimental to female children because it may lead to fewer resources devoted to them". A lot of daughters are born during this process, too. As a result, there are 21 million girls who are unwanted by their families. As they grow up, they often receive than their brothers.

The highest sex ratio at birth - 1047 females per 1000 males - is one area which has made Kerala proud. "On the other hand, an SRLC of close to 1.05:1 would imply that parents' decisions to continue having children is uncorrelated with previous birth being a son or a daughter", is stated.

"The challenge of gender is long-standing, probably going back millennia, so all stakeholders are collectively responsible for its resolution", the report's authors write.

A girl walks amidst a dust storm on the banks of the Ganges river in Allahabad, India, February 24.

The sex ratio of last birth is biased against females and is lower by 9.5 percentage points in 2015-16 in comparison to other countries.

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The sex ratio for different states in India worsened even as incomes improved. According to the World Health Organization the natural sex ratio at birth is 105 males for every 100 females.

How has the male-to-female ratio been skewed in India? Although neir termination of pregnancy nor sex determination are crimes in India, Prenatal Techniques and Diagnostics Act (PCPNDT) does penalize fetal sex tests through ultrasonography and or techniques, as well as abortion Selective.

Laying special emphasis on gender development, the Survey cautioned that on several indicators, notably employment, use of reversible contraception, and son preference, India has some distance to traverse despite the country's economic progress.

Mukesh Gupta / Reuters A school girl gets her face painted in the colors of India's national flag before taking part in the country's Republic Day celebrations in Jammu on January 25, 2018. Essentially, if a society prefers sons, that will manifest itself in the SRLC being heavily skewed in favour of boys. A lack of opportunities for women and the need for a dowry for a daughter's future marriage put real financial strain on families.

Results from studies have shown that over the years Indian girls have received less education and less medical attention than boys.

The report, which aims to present solutions addressing inequalities across society, states that the "intrinsic values of gender equality are (incontestable)".

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