Monday, 20 August, 2018

India's Supreme Court rules to allow passive euthanasia

Supreme Court's Euthanasia Verdict Here are 5 Different Types of Euthanasia You didn't Know About SC allows passive euthanasia, upholds 'right to die with dignity'
Steve Townsend | 11 March, 2018, 01:02

While these should do for the time being, Parliament should lose no time in legislating on the subject, arriving at safeguard conditions, the means of their enforcement and the penalties for subverting these conditions on medical professionals and family members of the patient undergoing passive euthanasia, after proper deliberation.

Euthanasia is an act of killing or allowing the killing of a terminally ill patient who has no chance of survival in a relatively painless way on humanitarian grounds showing the ultimate act of mercy.

The bench, which also included judges A.K. Sikri, A.M. Khanwilkar, D.Y. Chandrachud and Ashok Bhushan, laid down guidelines on who would execute the will and how the nod for passive euthanasia would be granted by the medical board. In India active euthanasia still remains illegal, but this is a monumental verdict for India and will bring relief to a number of people across the country. The Commission had also prepared a draft Bill - the medical treatment of terminally ill patients (protection of patients and medical practitioners) Bill. This may include stopping the life support or the cease of life saving procedures that help to increase the life span of an individual with no permanent cure.

Finally the Supreme Court took the initiative of hearing the matter on January 23rd 2014 by a three-judge bench led by then CJI P Sathasivam and the Delhi Medical Council supporting the task it was assigned tofileda copy of the proceedings of International Workshop for Policy Statement on Euthanasia in India, to which the Court reversed its previous verdict. Unlike relatives or friends making a choice for a person who has slipped into coma, a living will carries the moral force of a patient's own choice to not prolong life. Shanbaug was the face of the debate on euthanasia in India. Unable to bear the medical expenses of his son's treatment and having to see him suffer daily, Dennis Kumar's filed in a plea which was denied by the court in 2008.

The ruling means the family of someone in a permanent vegetative state and unable to communicate could withdraw life support in accordance with the patient's wishes.

Euro jumps after European Central Bank softens stimulus view
Stocks ran higher during afternoon trade as investors yanked the euro from its intraday high of $1.2447 against the US dollar. A final decision on the tariffs is expected soon, with Trump saying yesterday that the trade tariffs will be 'very fair.


Vikram Patel, professor, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, said Supreme Court's observation that human beings have the right to die with dignity, and that this extended to their right to give advanced directives, or a living will, to dictate their desires on end-of-life care, is entirely in keeping with the principles of person-centred care.

Anamika Mishra: Suffering from Muscular Dystrophy disease and struggling with everyday life, Anamika Mishra's mother wrote to PMO seeking Euthanasia for her daughter. "People suffering from old-age and sickness should be cared for and protected to allow them a natural death", he said. He further clarified that while active euthanasia is a crime, same is not the case with passive euthanasia as the element of good faith and objective assessment of the caregiver of the patient will protect doctors performing this task. With the passage of law involving passive euthanasia they felt disappointed.

"The right of life is in the hands of God".

"Making a decision like this is extremely hard for the family, especially when the patient is not conscious, because they have to consider what the patient would want. There is a huge shortage of resources, especially ventilator beds, and each bed can be used to save many other lives", said a doctor from Safdarjung hospital requesting anonymity.

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