Tuesday, 16 October, 2018

Five Washington children hospitalized with mysterious illness

Rare illness leaves 3-year-old boy paralyzed Minnesota: Acute flaccid myelitis cases investigated across state
Steve Townsend | 11 October, 2018, 04:14

Recently, the Minnesota Department of Health announced six cases had been reported in children under 10 years old.

AFM affects the nervous system, specifically, the central region of the spinal cord which is filled with grey matter-a type of nerve cell.

Acute flaccid myelitis is thought to happen after someone contracts a virus, like a poliovirus, West Nile virus, or adenovirus, the CDC says.

AFM cases first spiked in the United States in August 2014. "It's incredibly heartbreaking to see this".

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said the condition is not new but a recent influx of cases in 2014 (mostly in California and Colorado) had been linked to the spread of an enterovirus known as EVD68.

"If their child gets an enteroviral infection, they need to look for symptoms such as sudden onset of arm and leg weakness, difficulty swallowing". This occurs when the muscles involved with breathing become weak and can require urgent ventilator support through the use of a breathing machine. The state usually sees just one case of the illness per year, which the Star-Tribune reports has health officials now issuing alerts to doctors statewide. That was the case with Orville Young, a 4-year-old boy in Minnesota who lost mobility in his right arm and had difficulty sitting up and moving his legs.

The American Music Awards 2018
Additionally, several of gospel and R&B's heaviest hitters will assemble for what's sure to be a touching Aretha Franklin tribute. I believe that the systemic racism we still see in this country towards people of color is terrifying, sickening and prevalent'.


AFM is believed to be caused by viruses, notably the enterovirus D68. In very rare cases, it is possible that the process in the body that triggers AFM may also trigger other serious neurologic complications that could lead to death. AFM can cause a range of types and severity of symptoms, but the commonality among them is a loss of strength or movement in one or more arms or legs.

He emphasized that early work-up is helpful for finding the underlying cause of the AFM cases and added that most children eventually recover from the damage from the spinal cord inflammation.

There is no specific treatment for AFM, and the long-term outcomes for AFM patients is unknown.

Diagnosis includes a brain and spine MRI and a spinal tap to test fluid.

An outbreak of a mysterious disease in Minnesota that doctors say resembles polio has left children partially paralyzed and health experts baffled. There's no vaccine against EV-D68 or EV-A71, so the same precautions apply as for any other infectious disease: people should wash their hands frequently, stay home when they are sick, cover coughs and sneezes and stay away from people who are coughing and sneezing.

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